5 Facts About America’s Political Parties

Black and white image of the United States presidential residence with flag on roof in the nations capital

1. The Democratic Party is a little older than the Republican.

The Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, while the GOP emerged in 1854 to combat the expansion of slavery into American territories.

2. Abraham Lincoln was our first Republican president.

With the Party’s success in guiding the Union to victory in the Civil War, and the Party’s role in the abolition of slavery, the Republican Party dominated the national political scene until 1932. 

3. The Great Depression changed the political landscape.

The GOP lost its congressional majorities during the Great Depression; under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democrats formed a winning New Deal coalition that was dominant through 1964.

4. The paradigm shifted in the mid-’60s.

After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the core bases of the two parties shifted, with Southern states becoming more Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more Democratic. 

5. There have been 15 Democrats in the White House and 19 Republicans.

Who will be there next? Stay tuned until November.

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